It all started with electrical fan that were the common denominator in all Indian homes till some 25 years back. Then came in the air coolers which were able to change the indoor air temperatures to amazing levels! It was till some years back that majority of households in India were using the air coolers to cool their homes. Things changed then with a spurt. All of a sudden there were more homes in urban India that started using the air conditioner to beat the Indian heat. Back in 2015 only about 2% of the total Indian homes had air conditioners with an expected increase of 20% sales of air-conditioning units per year.
The basic difference between the airconditioner and the air cooler is that the latter works on evaporation of water and the former performs on the evaporation of a refrigerant. The earlier forms of ac refrigerants were the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) called Freon which was mainly responsible for the degradation of the ozone layer. Then came in the HFC or the Hydroflurocarbon that was better than the CFC but were still harmful to the environment. Then finally came in the environment friendly refrigerants that cause minimal harm to the ozone layer – the R-290 and R-600A – they are Hydrocarbons (HC) and chemically called propane and isobutane respectively.
The other difference between the air conditioner and the cooler is the types available. The cooler comes in one variety, the air conditioner on the other hand are of 2 types – the window ac and the split ac. The split version is further divided into 2 types – the direct and the inverter ac.
The next very valid difference between both the cooling machines is the price difference. The ac price of the basic windows version is a bit higher than the costliest air cooler. Not to forget that the operating cost of a cooler is much cheaper than that of the air conditioners. The 1.5 ton ac is one of the most common models used in modern homes today because it works perfect with the dimensions of the newly constructed rooms. The air conditionerPrice for this model across different brands on an average is almost three times that of the most expensive air cooler in the market.
Lastly, a notable difference between both these types of cooling machines is their contribution in harming the environment. Air coolers not only circulate natural and clean air in the room, they cause least damage to the environment. On the other hand, ac’s have known to harm the atmosphere for a long time though of late with proper regulations environmental friendly gases are being used. Hence buying an air conditioner today is a better prospect than the initial years because now they cause less damage to the ozonosphere.
The biggest advantage of the air conditioner over the air cooler is the effective change in temperature. The former reduces the temperatures inside the room in considerably lesser time. This cold or the chilled air is much more pleasant than the cooled air that is caused by running the air cooler because it doesn’t have any humidity content. Some of the latest versions of ac help purify the indoor air too.